Orthodontics gives you the smile you have always wanted. Being able to smile, talk and laugh with confidence truly adds to your quality of life. Straight teeth are commonly associated with beauty, and when you have a beautiful smile to show off, it becomes infectious to those around you!


Many orthodontic cases help to improve not only aesthetics, but functionality. We use our mouth thousands of times a day, to eat and talk - being able to bite, chew and open correctly are important assets not only to your day to day life, but your long term health and happiness.


Not only will orthodontics improve the function of your teeth, it can improve the function of your nasal passages, which hugely impacts on many areas of your life. Improving your airways will result in better sleep functions, so you can wake up each morning ready to take on the day!


Your oral health and hygiene can improve greatly with the help of orthodontics. Having straight teeth allows for easier brushing and flossing, and corrects all the nooks and crannies where food and bacteria like to hide. This will decrease the chances of long term tooth wear and gum damage.



Crowding is the lack of space for all the teeth to fit normally within the jaws.  The teeth may be rotated or displaced.  Crowding occurs when there is disharmony in the tooth to jaw size relationship, or when the teeth are larger than the available space. 

Under bite

Underbites occur when the lower jaw outgrows the upper jaw. When biting together, upper front teeth sit in behind lower teeth. This is more common in males than females, and can sometimes not occur until late teenage years.

Open bite

This is where back teeth bite together but the front teeth don't, leaving a gap the between top and bottom teeth. It creates difficulty with eating, biting, chewing and speech and is often caused by abnormal jaw growth which could result in abnormal tongue habits. 

Deep bite

This is where the upper jaw bites down too far over the lower jaw and may bite into the lower gum. Lower teeth can bite up into the gum behind the upper teeth. This type of bite is also a risk factor for increased tooth wear and gum damage. 


Overjet describes what happens when the top front teeth point outwards, or protrude, over the bottom teeth towards the lip. Protruded upper teeth are often due to having a lower jaw that’s underdeveloped in proportion to the upper jaw.


A mismatch between the size of the jaw bones and the size of the teeth can cause either extra space between teeth. Whilst spacing actually makes teeth easier to clean, it can also cause more problems with food stuck between teeth.

Cross bite

Upper teeth should fit outside lower teeth like a lid on a box. If the upper jaw is too narrow, the lower jaw usually swings to one side to allow the back teeth to mesh. 

Protruded teeth

'Buck teeth' or 'rabbit teeth' occurs when the upper jaw grows too much and sticks out, or the lower jaw does not grow enough. Protruded teeth can be cute but some are unattractive and others may be prone to accidental damage.  


An instanding tooth is when one tooth sits in by a reasonable amount from the other teeth in the arch, and often sits inside of its lower counterpart.

Thumb sucking

This can mean teeth are pushed into a crooked position and sometimes the supporting bone is affected. Once sucking ceases, some degree of natural improvement often occurs.   


A diastema is a large space or gap between two teeth. It appears most often between the two upper front teeth. Often the gum between the two front teeth will grow into the gap.


The dental midlines are where the upper and lower front teeth meet. A midline discrepancy can see either the upper, lower, or both arches skew off to either the left or right.

Ectopic teeth

Ectopic teeth are teeth which develop in the wrong position, often in the roof of the mouth or blocked out of the arch towards the cheek. Without orthodontics, these teeth are almost always left in place and nonfunctional.

Missing teeth

Missing or removed teeth can result in unattractive and nonfunctional spaces. Opposing and adjacent teeth can also drift into the space to create further problems. 

Narrow arch

Narrow arches often need to be widened to improve tooth function, correct cross bites and create space for all the teeth in the arch. When corrected, you get the vision of a broader smile which is much more attractive.

Unerupted teeth

Some teeth never erupt on their own, for multiple reasons, such as not having enough space or the baby tooth still being in place. When teeth need help erupting, orthodontics is often used.

Impacted teeth

Teeth may become impacted if they don't have sufficient space to erupt, or erupt in an unusual direction. Once the teeth are uncovered, orthodontics can be used to bring them into the arch.

Mixed dentition

Mixed dentition is when both baby (deciduous) teeth and adult (permanent) teeth are in the mouth at the same time. We expect children to lose all baby teeth by the age of 12, and if not, sometimes orthodontic treatment is necessary.